The shift reflects what has been a larger move in the consumer and enterprise computing markets for Microsoft as the concept of desktop client and server software has given way to cloud services across multiple devices.
The reorganization is "really doubling down on the cloud as the fundamental platform for Microsoft", said Ed Anderson, an analyst at Gartner.
Windows 10 Professional is the latest version of Microsoft's ubiquitous operating system, and comes with better security, improved performance, and new features such as an improved Start Menu, the Cortana voice assistant, Universal Windows Platform apps, and more.
Microsoft's Windows and Devices Group (WDG) included not only the teams responsible for the Windows software itself but also the Surface, Xbox, and HoloLens teams.
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Other new roles announced this week include leadership roles in the following categories: Devices, Windows, New Experiences and Technology, and Enterprise Mobility and Management.
A main fixture on Microsoft's executive team is exiting the company.
"I see this first as cloud and services becoming even more important and that AI is an integral part of real products", said Patrick Moorhead, president and principal analyst at Moor Insights & Strategy. Every Windows 10 version has at least three different names: the version number (for example, 1803 for upcoming version), a more user-centric name like the Fall Creators Update for the last update, and a branch name that is used internally before the version is released to the public. "The goal of this team is to instill a unifying product ethos across our end-user experiences and devices", said Nadella.
AI research will continue to live in a separate group under Harry Shum, and Microsoft promised there would be a fair amount of coordination between the revamped cloud and AI groups.
Microsoft is moving some of Myerson's other former lieutenants to Guthrie's Cloud & AI division.
AI Perception & Mixed Reality (MR): Alex Kipman will lead this new team, which brings together all our speech, vision, MR and additional perception capabilities into one team. The sources also mentioned that Microsoft is now going through a last check of the code for the update and will be rolled out as Build 17133.