The deal, which would add more than half a trillion dollars in federal spending and pile on the federal deficit, passed in the early hours of Friday with the support of a majority of Republicans in both the Senate and the House.
The measure, which is backed by US President Donald Trump, did not include any spending cuts or new tax revenues.
A carefully crafted, bipartisan stopgap funding and budget package was introduced with confidence earlier this week by Senate leaders, who predicted swift passage before the expiration at midnight on Thursday of current funding authority.
Though brief - the government had reopened before most people had arrived to work on Friday, hours after the shutdown began - the timing of the shutdown was risky, coming soon after another massive sell-off on United States markets reflecting investor nerves about the USA economy.
Congress achieved an ambitious two-year budget agreement Friday, but in doing so, reignited ideological factions on deficit spending and immigration that are likely to flare as lawmakers turn to these issues next, ahead of a daunting midterm election season.
The deal may have many winners, particularly the Pentagon, but it has produced one clear loser - the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients, or "Dreamers", that Democrats had vowed to protect.
Such disputes won't help the party energize the Hispanic and liberal voters it will need as it tries capturing House and perhaps Senate control in November.
Paul said all he wanted was a vote on an amendment to restore the budget caps, set in 2011 to rein in deficit spending.
Cape Breton unemployment rate up 0.3 per cent
The drop nationally cools off Canada's strongest pace of growth since 2002 after creating more than 400,000 jobs in 2017. In January 2017, there were 21,000 people employed in the city, up from the current 20,600.
"Republican majorities in the House and Senate have turned the process into an embarrassing spectacle, running from one crisis directly into the next", Democratic Representative Nita Lowey said before the House vote.
"Without more Republicans in Congress, we were forced to increase spending on things we do not like or want in order to finally, after many years of depletion, take care of our Military". "To me, it looked like he was clueless", said Missouri Senator Claire McCaskill. Paul and other fiscal hawks criticized what they saw as a hypocritical turn in the Republican Party, which some see as the party of fiscal responsibility.
But Rep. Luis Gutierrez, D-Ill., said anyone supporting the spending measure was "colluding with this president and this administration to deport Dreamers".
However, the government is shut down because they missed the midnight deadline, but opened back up again shortly before 6 a.m. It was easily passed, by 71 to 28.
He said he hoped his stand would teach conservatives "to not accept just anything because it comes from a GOP Congress". The future of DACA and immigration legislation was unclear as Pelosi took the floor for eight hours and talked about DACA and immigration. There also is no offset reduction for almost $90 billion in new disaster aid for U.S. states and territories ravaged by hurricanes or wildfires past year.
Senate Democrats sparked a three-day partial government shutdown last month by filibustering a spending bill, seeking relief for "Dreamer" immigrants who've lived in the country illegally since they were children. All told, the bill hikes federal spending about $400 billion through September 2019.
"I don't know why we're burning time here", he groused. "I think we will", Ryan said on Hewitt's radio show earlier Thursday.
Democrats did manage to get $6 billion in funding to deal with the opioid crisis and drug addiction, one of their key demands, and the package includes $20 billion in funding for infrastructure fix and improvement.