The vote, 256 to 164, centred on an expiring law, Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act, which permits the government to collect without a warrant from American firms, like Google and AT&T, the emails and other communications of foreigners overseas - even when they are talking to Americans.
The House Rules Committee is slated to debate the bill Tuesday, setting up a floor vote Thursday.
In 2008, Congress passed a number of changes to FISA, including a provision known as Section 702, which allows warrantless monitoring of phone and internet use by non-Americans outside the United States.
Congress reauthorized a controversial law that allows presidents to spy on American citizens.
The Nunes-Schiff bill faces an uncertain future in the Senate, where Kentucky Sen.
Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) said because of recent accusations of bias directed at the Justice Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation there needs to be "more oversight of the intelligence community" because "men are not angels", a reference to a quote from James Madison.
President Donald Trump's sunrise tweet casting aspersions on the domestic surveillance program his own intelligence officials have called essential set off a thunderclap of concern in Washington - and underscored the pitfalls of the President's morning television tweet-alongs. The Senate must also now vote to renew the powers before the programs can be extended further.
The CNN host explained that the White House, earlier this week, was onboard with reauthorizing FISA, saying the bill is necessary to "collect critical intelligence on terrorist organizations, weapons proliferators, and other foreign adversaries that is vital to keeping the nation safe".
Home and Away actress Jessica Falkholt dies
Vivian's younger brother, Paul Ponticello, spoke at the funeral service where he thanked people who ran to the family's aid. Jessica's parents died at the scene and her sister's life support was turned off three days after the two-car collision.
The 256-154 vote to renew the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act capped a wild day of debate that started when President Donald Trump tweeted misleadingly that the National Security Agency's program "may have been used.to so badly surveil and abuse the Trump Campaign by the previous administration and others".
"This vote is about foreign surveillance of foreign bad guys on foreign land", Trump said in his second morning tweet on the matter. But less than two hours later, the president appeared to reverse himself, telling lawmakers to "Get smart!" Though the White House on Wednesday strongly urged lawmakers to defeat the reform amendment, Trump appeared to take a different position in a tweet Thursday morning.
The bill as passed by the House would extend the NSA's spying program for six years with minimal changes.
In November, House Judiciary Committee chair Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) and ranking member John Conyers (D-Mich.) introduced the USA Liberty Act, which partially closes the "backdoor" loophole through which Americans' communications-if they are on the other end of that conversation with non-U.S. resident-can be viewed without a warrant.
And House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi called Ryan and urged him to pull the reauthorization bill in light of the President's tweet, a senior Democratic source said. "And people have been going, 'Yeah but FISA and unmasking.' And we've had to say, 'Look, they're separate'". Exactly what he supports isn't completely clear.
"This amendment, plain and simple, would disable 702, our most important national security tool", he said.
Thursday's vote was a major blow to privacy and civil liberties advocates, who just two years ago celebrated passage of a law effectively ending the NSA's bulk collection of US phone call records, another top-secret program exposed by Snowden.
"Section 702 is a critical tool that the intelligence community uses properly to target a non-U.S. person outside of the united states that is vital to USA security", Rep. Fitzpatrick (R-Pennsylvania-8) said.