"There is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use by youth and young adults increases their risk of ever using conventional cigarettes", the report states.
Both things are true, according to the new report, put together by a team of people with expertise in evaluating evidence.
But they are also addictive.
But safer doesn't mean harmless.
"For kids who initiate on e-cigarettes, there's a great chance of intensive use of cigarettes", he said. "E-cigarettes can not be simply categorized as either beneficial or harmful", writing committee chair David Eaton, PhD, of the University of Washington in Seattle, said in a statement.
Eaton said that in certain circumstances - such as when teens use them and become addicted to nicotine - e-cigarettes' "adverse effects clearly warrant concern". Though they mimic the sensations of cigarettes, e-cigarettes are tobacco-harm-reduction tools that have proven to be successful in aiding millions of people in their quest to quit smoking. Today something like two dozen states have laws restricting the public use of e-cigarettes, as do a much larger number of cities (including New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Philadelphia) and counties. E-cigarettes deliver nicotine through liquid heated in a device that releases vapor or aerosol.
Exclusive use of e-cigarettes may reduce exposure to many toxic and cancer-causing ingredients found in regular cigarettes.
There is conclusive evidence that in addition to nicotine, most e-cigarettes contain and emit numerous potentially toxic substances.
The report concluded that e-cigarettes are far less harmful compared with conventional cigarettes.
PATTI NEIGHMOND, BYLINE: Congress asked for this report to try to sort out what's known about the potential benefit and risk of e-cigarettes.
The long-term impacts of the devices are unclear, and could veer negative, the report warned.
Number of flu cases steady in Manistee County
See a doctor if you fit any of these categories or someone you know has the flu, and make sure you get proper treatment. Is it true that the flu can spread through just breathing? So it's abrupt; it's a really abrupt onset.
To encourage the estimated 36.5 million tobacco users in the U.S.to kick the risky habit, the personal finance website WalletHub calculated the potential monetary losses - including the lifetime and annual costs of a cigarette pack per day, health care expenditures, income losses and other costs - brought on by smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. "The response is nonlinear".
There is conclusive evidence that e-cigarettes can explode and cause burns and projectile injuries.
"We agree with the National Academies that the jury is still out on the benefits and harmful effects of e-cigarettes, especially in the long-term". "As the regulator, we've got to factor all that in".
It doesn't contain all the chemicals, tar or smoke of regular cigarettes. But the FDA has not yet allowed any company to advertise a "reduced-risk" tobacco product.
The report was supported by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the FDA, and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Nicotine is what makes cigarettes addictive.
But last summer, the new FDA Commissioner, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, extended the timeline for applications for new e-cigarette clearance by the FDA to 2022, a move that delighted e-cigarette makers and that infuriated medical groups such as the Lung Association.
The review is the latest in an increasingly crowded portfolio of studies about e-cigs - none of which has been declared as the definitive public-health study on the products. "FDA must enforce the Tobacco Control Act in order to protect the public health from e-cigarettes".
E-cigarette use may result in nicotine dependence, but that risk may be lower than with tobacco cigarettes.
These findings highlight why FDA oversight of these products is important, Sward said.
Electronic cigarettes stand as another way to help the more than three-quarter million SC cigarette smokers give up tobacco.