Left to right: Kip Thorne, Rainer Weiss and Barry Barish

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Thorne and Barry C. Barish were members of the LIGO project (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) which on 14 September 2015 detected gravitational waves for the first time in history, proving Albert Einstein correct 100 years after he predicted their existence in his famous theory of general relativity. Without having a second detector, there would have been many false positives from things like moving trucks and crashing waves, which would render the detection of gravitational waves impossible.

They are receiving the prize for the discovery of the gravitational waves released by violent events in the universe such as the mergers of black holes.

"Scientists expect to hear space-time rhythms from Indian soil within next six to seven years", according to Karan P Jani, one of the many US-based Indian researchers working on the project.

There were 37 authors from nine Indian Institutions in the scientific publication presenting the first discovery of gravitational waves published in the Physical Review letters by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) and Virgo Collaboration.

Announcing the winners in Stockholm on Tuesday, the Nobel committee described Ligo as the "most sensitive instrument ever devised by man".

Thorne and Weiss co-created the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) at the prestigious California Institute of Technology, which has taken home 18 Nobels since the prizes were first awarded in 1901. "The discovery of black-hole mergers and the detection of gravitational waves never would have happened without these creative scientists".

Ariel Goobar of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the winners' work meant "we can study processes which were completely impossible, out of reach to us in the past".

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Scottish scientists are celebrating their contribution to the breakthrough that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in physics.

By far one of the favourites for the prize, the award was split between the three, with one half going to Weiss and the other half jointly awarded to Barish and Thorne.

Weiss is a professor emeritus of physics at MIT. However, gravitational waves are direct testimony to disruptions in spacetime itself.

Thorne earned his Ph.D. from the Princeton University in 1965, later becoming a professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology. The first detection of the waves created a scientific sensation when it was announced early previous year and the teams involved in the discovery had been widely seen as favourites for Tuesday's prize.

The Nobel Prize for physics follows other honors given to the LIGO collaboration, including the Kavli Prize in Astrophysics and the Breakthrough Prize.

LIGO is operated by Caltech and MIT with funding from the US National Science Foundation (NSF), and supported by over 1,000 researchers around the world, including those at the Universities of Glasgow, Cardiff and Birmingham amongst others in the UK. But they could feel the same gravitational waves at the same time, given those vibrations are much bigger; and thus, instantly confirm a reading.

A year ago the Nobel prize in physics became a British scientists David Taules, Duncan, GILDAN and Michael Costells.

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