China accuses India of violating 1890 treaty on Sikkim

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India and China have beefed up deployment of forces at the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction as part of the ongoing stand-off between the armies of the three countries.

"This is futile. We have no objection to normal bilateral relations between India and Bhutan but are firmly opposed to the Indian side infringing on Chinese territory using Bhutan as an excuse", said Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) spokesperson Geng Shuang. However, on the other hand India has been insistent that China with their resolution to build a road in the region poses a serious security threat.

Xinhua, the Chinese news agency, gave out a statement on Sunday saying that "It is well known that the Sikkim section of the China-India boundary has been demarcated by the 1890 Sino-British treaty".

"...if India was to abdicate its responsibilities towards Bhutan, India's other neighbors will, in effect, be told that India's bark is far worse than India's bite - and that relying on India as a countervailing force to the Chinese juggernaut is foolish. Doklam has always been under the effective jurisdiction of China", Mr. Geng said.

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The Chinese Foreign Ministry said India's action went against the "basic principles of United Nations charter and the global law and infringed upon Chinese territorial integrity". Since Bhutan stated that China was building a road in a territory owned by Bhutan and they have no diplomatic ties with the Chinese, India intervened. "We hope that the particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamoring for war", he had said. "(It is) important that consensus on border issue between India and China through Special Representatives process is scrupulously respected".

AMID THE continuing standoff, China on Monday said the "trespassing" of Indian troops in Doklam was a "betrayal" of a treaty signed in 1890, and India had used Bhutan as an "excuse" to violate the global border between the two countries.

A recent official "white paper" by China on the 21st Maritime Silk Road even offered to link the CPEC with the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) Economic Corridor in order to provide India greater access to Central Asia. "The Chinese side firmly encourages the United States side to instantly stop such provocative operations that damage China's power and debilitate China's security", he included.

Piqued as China is with the closed-door parleys between Prime Minister Modi and US President Donald Trump when Modi was on a visit to Washington DC recently, the Chinese fear that some plan to deal with its sinister designs to establish hegemony over the sea lanes has been hatched between the two countries. They had also claimed that the Indian troops had crossed the border, which basically is territory under contention. The decision was conveyed to the batch of journalists by the Chinese embassy in New Delhi. Interestingly, these "border tensions" have been generated over the land which India has conceded belongs to Bhutan, but now seeks to step in to "free it". Xinhua has also reported that the two neighboring countries came to an agreement in 2012 about the Sikkim border. "That surely can not be good for India's elusive pursuit of regional primacy". The stealth wars include constructing a dispute and then setting in motion a jurisdictional creep through a steady increase in the frequency and duration of Chinese incursions - all with the intent of either establishing military control over a coveted area or pressuring the opponent to cut a deal on its terms.

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