"The new normal is that all of this growth is coming from developing economies", particularly China and India, BP Chief Economist Spencer Dale told reporters.
Coal dropped to its lowest percentage of the global energy mix since 2004, at 28.1 percent of the world's fuel sources. China, the world's biggest energy consumer, burned the least coal in six years and use dropped in the U.S to a level last seen in the 1970s, the company's data show.
Coal usage worldwide grew steadily from 2009 to 2013, driven by rising energy demand in Asia.
The latest report from BP detailing the global energy consumption for 2016 has shown how the black rock is on the decline.
Coal production dropped previous year as China's domination of energy markets - long the driver of soaring fossil-fuel consumption and rising carbon pollution - is now turning the planet in a cleaner direction.
Wind, solar and and other renewable power sources grew faster than any other fuel at more than 14% in 2016, slightly below the 10-year average.
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The worldwide shift away from fossil fuels and toward more renewable sources of energy is proceeding despite President Donald Trump's efforts to undo climate change initiatives such as the Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Power Plant and US involvement in the Paris climate change accords. Global energy markets saw weak growth for the third consecutive year, with energy demand notching up by just 1 percent in 2016.
The slowing growth in energy demand, the shift to cleaner fuels and energy efficiency meant carbon emissions grew by 0.1 percent last year, similar to the prior two years, making it the lowest three-year average for emissions growth since 1981-83. "Although, growth in China (0.4 Mb/d) and the U.S. (0.1 Mb/d) was more subdued", said the report.
The report showed that oil remained the world's leading fuel, accounting for a third of global energy consumption. This has paid dividends in China becoming the world's largest producer of clean energy, beating out the United States, with solar capacity increasing 79% to 78 gigawatts and wind energy expanding 15% to 149 gigawatts.
Bob Dudley commented: "While welcome, it is not yet clear how much of this break from the past is structural and will persist".
The export of Russian oil grew by 2.1 percent, to 8.6 million barrels per day past year, the report indicated.
As China continues to look for ways to power its economic growth, it has also began to turn the page on coal and began exploring renewable energy sources. "At the same time markets are responding to shorter-run run factors, most notably the oversupply that has weighed on oil prices for the past three years". "We need to keep up our focus and efforts on reducing carbon emissions".